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CORE-Forschungsprojekte

Multilateralism in Russian Foreign Policy: Genuine Search for Partners or a Camouflage for Unilateral Ambitions?

Projektverantwortliche / Kontakt: Dr. Elena Kropatcheva

Projektbeschreibung: The key question of this project is what Russia is doing in security-related multilateral international governmental organizations (IGO) (CSCE/OSCE, CSTO, NRC, SCO, and UNSC). Which types of engagement (different types of multilateralism) and effectiveness patterns can be identified? While the relationship between the US and multilateral institutions has been thoroughly examined and, in recent years, comprehensive theory-based studies have been conducted on the EU’s and China’s participation in multilateral institutions, considerably less is known about Russia’s “multilateralism”. The project is built upon the knowledge of state- IGO relations, multilateralism and Russian foreign policy studies. It uses a pluralism of theoretical approaches – from realism, liberal/rational institutionalism to constructivism – and a pluralism of methods (qualitative and quantitative content analysis, case studies, and interviews). In the first quarter of 2013, a research application will be finished.

The Afghanistan Policies of the Central Asian States

Kontakt: Dr. Sebastian Schiek

Projektbeschreibung: The planned withdrawal of most of the ISAF forces from Afghanistan in 2014 will change the security situation in the region and make the role of the Central Asian states more prominent. Against this background, this project will analyze the Afghanistan policies of the Central Asian states as well as the objectives that guide the concrete policies. The project’s starting hypothesis is that, despite some ambiguities, the main objective of the Central Asian governments is stability in Afghanistan. The project builds on a pilot project funded by the German Foundation for Peace Research (DSF) and implemented by Diana Digol in 2011. An application for project funding has been submitted to the German Foundation for Peace Research.

Sicherheitspolitische Strategien von Tadschikistan und Usbekistan gegenüber Afghanistan: Gemeinsame Strukturen, unterschiedliche Ergebnisse

Kontakt / Bearbeiter: Azamjon Isabaev

Projektbeschreibung: Unter den Staaten Zentralasiens sind Tadschikistan und Usbekistan die wichtigsten Akteure des afghanischen sicherheitspolitischen Umfelds. Die beiden Staaten grenzen an Afghanistan und haben ethno-politische, kulturelle und historische Verbindungen zu Afghanistan. Für Tadschikistan und Usbekistan ist das stabile Afghanistan von einer strategischen wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung: über dessen Territorium öffnen sich alternative Handels‐ und Transportrouten, welche die Diversifizierung der nationalen Wirtschaften ermöglichen. Gleichzeitig wird die Instabilität bzw. die Eskalation der gegenwärtigen Lage in Afghanistan als die Sicherheitsbedrohung für nationale Sicherheiten Tadschikistans und Usbekistans betrachtet. Trotz dieser Gemeinsamkeiten verfolgen Usbekistan und Tadschikistan einigermaßen unterschiedliche politische Strategien gegenüber Afghanistan. Relativ zurückhaltende Position Usbekistans in afghanischer Richtung läuft mehr intensiven tadschikisch-afghanischen Beziehungen zuwider. In diesem Zusammenhang beschäftigt sich diese Dissertation mit der Frage: Warum verfolgen Tadschikistan und Usbekistan unterschiedliche Sicherheitsstrategien gegenüber Afghanistan, obwohl sie über eine Reihe von Gemeinsamkeiten verfügen? Die theoretische Erläuterung stützt sich auf zwei Theorien: Neoklassischen Realismus und Regional Security Complex Theory.

Laufzeit: 2013-2016

Finanzierung: DAAD

Publikationen: Isabaev, Azamjon. 2014. Uzbekistan and Afghanistan - Security Challenges Post-2014. In: ISAF's Withdrawal from Afghanistan - Central Asian Perspectives on Regional Security, hrsg. von Johan Norberg und Erika Holmquist, 29-35. Stockholm: Swedish Defence Research Agency.

The Role of Traditional Informal ‘Networks of Trust’ for Peace in the Ferghana Valley (1992-2013). A Comparative Analysis

Contact Person: Dr Anna Kreikemeyer

Project description: In the era of globalization, peace studies need to take into account new security dimensions with respect to issue and reference areas, spaces, actors and threats. Contradictions and fragmentation between the local level of societies and the state can lead to conflict. Our planned research project addresses this issue with respect to the security political role of traditional informal institutions in the Central Asian Ferghana Valley, a sub-region which has been increasingly prone to conflict since 2005 and where local conflicts have frequently and even regularly arisen. Given our research interest in conflict prevention in Central Asia, we address the role of traditional informal actors and institutions, especially of transnational “networks of trust” in view of the security risks resulting from weak state capacities. Based on both a broad desk study as well as extensive fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan, we will try to answer research questions on the contribution of informal actors and institutions to peace, on possibilities and barriers in the interaction between traditional informal actors and institutions and formal institutions and on the limits and peculiarities of informal action.

Researcher:
Dr Anna Kreikemeyer, Azamat Temirkulov

CFE and the Demise of the Co-operative European Security Regime

Kontakt: Dr. Ulrich Kühn

Projektbeschreibung: The Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE) remains in limbo for the 12th year in a row. Aside from the CFE, the Treaty on Open Skies (OS) has run into challenging difficulties in recent years. The Update of the Vienna Document on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (VD) in 2011 dealt merely with technical and procedural steps. 22 years after the end of the Cold War the cooperative security landscape in Europe has come under increasing strain. Even though the bilateral US-Russian Reset has yielded a number of positive results, CORE Annual Report 2012 | 9 Europeanization of the Reset is still lacking. Meanwhile the general climate between Washington and Moscow has again cooled down. This PhD project, which is supported by the Evangelisches Studienwerk Villigst e.V., aims at a twofold approach. On the one hand, concrete options and forward-looking approaches to conventional arms control in Europe are to be elaborated. On the other hand, the theoretical framework will try to prove the existence of a cooperative European security regime with CFE as a key element. By considering Realist and Neoliberal explanations for regime decay in conjunction with the CFE stalemate, this dissertation highlights the potential negative effects of CFE’s downfall for the overall cooperative European security regime.

Zentralasien-Forschung

Seit mehr als zehn Jahren beschäftigt sich das IFSH mit der Region Zentralasien. Dazu zählen im engeren Sinne die fünf Staaten Kasachstan, Kirgisistan, Usbekistan, Tadschikistan und Turkmenistan...

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