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Reducing the role of tactical nuclear weapons in Europe

Nuclear Policy Papers

No. 1 - Ambassador Peter Gottwald - Options for arms control to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in NATO.

No. 2 - Lukasz Kulesa - Polish and Central European Priorities on NATO's Future Nuclear Policy.

No. 3 - Rt Hon Lord Browne of Ladyton (Des Browne) - Current NATO Nuclear Policy.

No. 4 - Oliver Meier - NATO’s new Strategic Concept and the future of tactical nuclear weapons.

No. 5 - Mustafa Kibaroglu - Turkey, NATO & and Nuclear Sharing: Prospects after NATO's Lisbon Summit.

No. 6 - Steven Pifer - The United States, NATO’s Strategic Concept, and Nuclear Issues.

No. 7 - Paul Zajac - NATO’s Defense and Deterrence Posture Review: A French Perspective on Nuclear Issues.

No. 8 - Oliver Meier - Revising NATO’s Nuclear Posture: The way forward

No. 9 - Ambassador Rolf Nikel - The Future of NATO's Nuclear Weapons

No. 10 - Edmond E. Seay - Dissecting the DDPR

No. 11 - Hans M. Kristensen - Modernizing NATO’s Nuclear Forces: Implications for the Alliance’s defense posture and arms control

No. 12 - Edmond E. Seay III - Theatre Nuclear Weapons and the next round of bilateral New START Treaty follow-on talks

No. 13 - Edmond E. Seay III - NATO's Nuclear Guardians: Why NATO's bureaucracy is unable to initiate change to, or support reform of, Alliance nuclear policy

Publications by project partners

Browne, Des; Ivanov, Igor; Ischinger, Wolfgang; Nunn, Sam (April 2013) Building Mutual Security in the Euro-Atlantic Region (ELN)

Ingram, Paul (April 2013) Engaging Russia on Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Next steps on confidence building. Themes arising from seminar (BASIC)

Meier, Oliver (February 2013) NATO agrees on new arms control body (Arms Control Now)

Ingram, Paul (February 2013) The U.S. Nuclear Deterrent: An International Perspective (BASIC)

Meier, Oliver (November 2012) Vorfahrt für die Rüstungskontrolle: Stationierung modernisierter US-Atomwaffen aussetzen (Stellungnahme vor dem Unterausschuss Abrüstung, Rüstungskontrolle und Nichtverbreitung)

Meier, Oliver (September 2012) No German pledge on nuclear-capable aircraft modernization (Arms Control Now)

Browne, Des; Kearns, Jan (August 2012) NATO, Russia, and the Nuclear Disarmament Agenda: Reflections Post Chicago (European Leadership Network for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation)

Meier, Oliver (June 2012) Die Modernisierung von US-Atomwaffen in Europe – Auswirkungen auf die deutsche und europäische Sicherheit (Stellungnahme vor dem Unterausschuss Abrüstung, Rüstungskontrolle und Nichtverbreitung)

Meier, Oliver (June 2012) What now? Germany & U.S. nuclear weapons after the Chicago summit (IKV Pax Christi)

Meier, Oliver (June 2012) NATO Sticks With Nuclear Policy (Arms Control Today)

Kimball, Daryl G./ Meier, Oliver/ Ingram, Paul (May 2012) NATO On Nuclear Weapons: Opportunities Missed and Next Steps Forward (Arms Control Association, Blog)

Ingram, Paul/ Meier, Oliver (May 2012) NATO’s DDPR: What to Expect and What Needs to Be Done After the Chicago Summit (Arms Control Association, Blog)

Ingram, Paul/ Meier, Oliver (May 2012) The NATO Summit: Recasting the Debate Over U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Europe (Arms Control Association)

Lammerant, Hans (May 2012) Belgium and the TNW after Chicago (IKV Pax Christi)

Zeijden, Wilbert van der (May 2012) TNW after the DDPR: Observations from the Netherlands (IKV Pax Christi)

Snyder, Susi (May 2012) From the P-5 to the TNW-5 (IKV Pax Christi)

Ronbeck, Julie (April 2012) Norway’s Approach to NATO’s Deterrence and Defence Posture Review (BASIC)

Meier, Oliver (April 2012) In Chicago, NATO should do a Sarkozy (European Leadership Network for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation)

Meier, Oliver (March 2012) Germany pushes for changes in NATO’s nuclear posture (Arms Control Association, Blog)

Kimball, Daryl (February 2012) Start Cutting U.S. Nuclear Weapons Down To 1,000 (AolDefense)

Lindborg, Chris (January 2012) New U.S. Global Military Strategy could hint at future moves to reduce dependence on tactical nuclear weapons in Europe (BASIC)

Brzoska, Michael/ Finger, Anne/ Meier, Oliver/ Neuneck, Götz/ Zellner, Wolfgang (December 2011) Prospects for Arms Control in Europe (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Study)

Seay, Edmond (November 2011) NATO's Incredible Nuclear Strategy: Why U.S. Weapons in Europe Deter No One (Arms Control Today)

Kimball, Daryl G. (November 2011) Strategic Choices on Tactical Weapons (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (October 2011) France and Germany agree on truce over nuclear arms control committee as NATO works on Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (Arms Control Association, Blog)

Meier, Oliver (October 2011) NATO Deterrence Review Gets Under Way (Arms Control Today)

NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen (July 2011) Reply: Toward a Meaningful NATO Deterrence and Defense Posture Review

A letter by former senior government officials and nuclear experts to NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen (July 2011) Toward a Meaningful NATO Deterrence and Defense Posture Review.

Spagnuolo, Laura (May 2011) Italy's Nuclear Weapons (BASIC)

Ingram, Paul/ Meier, Oliver (May 2011) Reducing the Role of Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Perspectives and Proposals on the NATO Policy Debate (ACA/ BASIC)

Meier, Oliver (April 2011) NATO Sets Up Arms Control Committee (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (March 2011) NATO Posture Review Takes Shape (Arms Control Today)

BASIC (January 2010) Mind the Gap: healing the NATO rift over U.S. tactical nuclear weapons in Europe (BASIC)

Meier, Oliver/ Ingram, Paul (October 2010) A Nuclear Posture Review for NATO (Arms Control Today)

Collina, Tom/ Kimball, Daryl (September 2010) European Leaders Call for New NATO Nuclear Policies (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (June 2010) NATO Experts Hedge on Nuclear Posture. (Arms Control Today)

Anne Penketh (May 2010) NATO's Nuclear Posture discussed at the NPT Review Conference (Report from BASIC on panel discussion at the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference in New York)

Meier, Oliver (May 2010) NATO Chief’s Remark Highlights Policy Rift. (Arms Control Today)

Paul Ingram (April 2010) Nuclear Options for NATO (report from BASIC on Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference 2010)

Chris Lindborg (April 2010) Considering NATO’s Tactical Nuclear Weapons after the U.S. Nuclear Posture Review (BASIC Backgrounder)

Kimball, Daryl (March 2010) Eliminate NATO’s Nuclear Relics. (Arms Control Today)

Taber, Caitlin/ Kimball, Daryl (March 2010) Ministers Urge NATO Nuclear Policy Review. (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (December 2009) German Nuclear Stance Stirs Debate (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (May 2009) Steinmeier calls for U.S. to withdraw nukes (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (April 2009) News Analysis: NATO, Arms Control and Nonproliferation: An Alliance Divided? (Arms Control Today)

Meier, Oliver (September 2008) NATO Mulls Nuke Modernization, Security (Arms Control Today)

Publications by others

Nikel Rolf (May 2013) The Role of Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation in Today’s Security Policy (Annual NATO-Conference on WMD Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation)

Schulte, Paul (lead author) (April 2013) Final report from "The Warsaw Workshop: Prospects for Information Sharing and Confidence Building on Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons in Europe" (PISM)

Brad Roberts, Lukasz Kulesa, Jirí Šedivý, Koji Tomita (April 2013) Extended Deterrence: Defining the U.S. Reassurance Requirement (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace) (Audio File)

Zeijden, Wilbert van der (April 2013) The problem with NATO state compliance (IKV Pax Christi)

Enacting the Prague Vision Joint letter from parliamentarians of NATO countries to US President Obama on the occasion of the 4th anniversary of his 2009 Prague speech (April 2013)

Snyder, Susi; Zeijden, Wilbert van der; Velzen, Krista van (April 2013) Will the Netherlands lead the way to nuclear disarmament? (IKV Pax Christi)

Working paper submitted by the members of the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (Australia, Canada, Chile, Germany, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates) (March 2013) Non-strategic nuclear weapons (NPT/CONF.2015/PC.II/WP.3)

Working paper submitted by the members of the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (Australia, Canada, Chile, Germany, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Poland, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates) (March 2013) Reduced role of nuclear weapons (NPT/CONF.2015/PC.II/WP.4)

Pifer, Steven (March 2013) Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons, Policy and Arms Control: Issues for the United States, NATO and Russia (The Brookings Institution)

Kulesa, Lukasz (March 2013) Impact of U.S. Nuclear Reductions on European Security (PISM Bulletin no 26)

Gürsel, Kadri (March 2013) Turkey's Regional Policy Protected By American Bomb (Al-Monitor)

Kearns, Ian (February 2013) Turkey, NATO and Nuclear Weapons (RUSI)

Nikel, Rolf (February 2013) D2A Speech at the Berlin Framework Forum: Creating the Conditions and Building the Framework for a Nuclear Weapons-Free World (Auswärtiges Amt)

van der Zeijden, Wilbert (January 2013) Dutch Parliament to MFA: Make removal TNW a hard goal (IKV Pax Christi)

Woolf, Amy F. (December 2012) Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons (Congressional Research Service)

Stein, Aaron (November 2012) Turkey and Tactical Nuclear Weapons: A Political Love Affair (Center for Economics and Foreign Policy Studies)

Chalmers, Hugh/ Chalmers, Malcolm/ Berger, Andrea (October 2012) A Problem Deferred? NATO Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons after Chicago (RUSI)

Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative (September 2012) Statement of the 5th Ministerial Meeting (German Federal Foreign Office)

Grossman, Elaine (September 2012) Seeking Kremlin Engagement, NATO Weighs Next Nuclear Posture Steps (Global Security Newswire)

Lewis, Jeffrey (September 2012) A Steal at $10 Billion (Foreign Policy)

Nassauer, Otfried/ Piper, Gerhard (September 2012) Atomwaffen-Modernisierung in Europa Das Projekt B61-12 (BITS)

Priest, Dana (Septmebre 2012) The B61 bomb: A case study in needs and costs (The Washington Post)

Pincus, Walter (August 2012) Nuclear weapons just don’t make sense (The Washington Post)

Ban Ki-moon (August 2012) World is over-armed and peace is under-funded (The Korea Times)

NTI (August 2012) Independent Scotland Could be Stuck With Nukes in NATO: Report (Global Security Newswire)

Grossman, Elaine M. (August 2012) Pentagon Official Blames U.S. Bomb Cost Hike on “Incomplete” DOE Agency Estimate (Global Security Newswire)

Steinle, Mia (August 2012) Spending Billions on B-61 Nuclear Bomb Upgrades Doesn't Make Sense (Huffington Post)

Nunn, Sam (May 2012) Statement by Sam Nunn on NATO's Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (NTI)

Oswald, Rachel (May 2012) NATO Maintains Nuclear Weapons’ Role in Deterrence (NTI)

Liegis, Imants/ Linkevicius, Linas/ Onyszkiewicz, Janusz (May 2012) Why Europe Still Needs Nuclear Deterrence (Project Syndicate)

Global Security Newswire (May 2012) Poland, Norway Call For NATO Tactical Arms Control Talks With Russia (Global Security Newswire)

Nuclear Threat Initiative (May 2012) Chicago and Beyond (Nuclear Threat Initiative)

Global Security Newswire (May 2012) B-61 Bomb Project Expense Projection Hits $6B, Report Says (Global Security Newswire)

Seay, Ted (May 2012) Escalation by Default? The Future of NATO Nuclear Weapons in Europe (European Leadership Network)

Kristensen, Hans (May 2012) B61 Nuclear Bomb Costs Escalating (Federation of American Scientists, Strategic Security Blog)

van der Zeijden, Wilbert (May 2012) NATO nuclear weapons and the Defence and Deterrence Posture Review: a non-consensual debate (openSecurity)

Kristensen, Hans (May 2012) NATO’s Nuclear Groundhog Day? (FAS, Strategic Security Blog)

Sikorski, Radoslaw/ Store, Jonas Gahr (May 2012) NATO, Russia and Tactical Nuclear Arms (The New York Times)

Pomper, Miles/ Sokov, Nikolai/ Warren, Meghan (May 2012) Delaying Decisions: NATO's Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (NTI, Analysis)

Lord Robertson/ Miller, Franklin C./ Schake, Kori (May 2012) It’s Time to Put the Nuclear Issue Behind Us: The Chicago Summit Has More Urgent Priorities than Nuclear Theology (Atlantic Council, IssueBrief)

Becker, Markus (May 2012) US Nuclear Weapons Upgrades: Experts Report Massive Cost Increase (Der SPIEGEL)

Durkalec, Jacek (May 2012) NATO Defence and Deterrence Posture: Central and Eastern European Perspectives (The Polish Institute of International Affairs)

Kristensen, Hans (May 2012) Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (Federation of American Scientists)

Nichols, Tom/ Stuart, Douglas/ McCausland, Jeffrey (April 2012) Tactical Nuclear Weapons and NATO (Strategic Studies Institute)

Walt, Stephen M. (April 2012) Time to get U.S. nukes out of Europe (Forgeign Policy, Blog)

Perkovich, George/ Chalmers, Malcom/ Pifer, Steven/ Schulte, Paul/ Tandler, Jaclyn (April 2012) Looking beyond the Chicago Summit: Nuclear Weapons in Europe and the Future of NATO (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

Snyder, Susi/ van der Zeijden, Wilbert (April 2012) Exit Strategies: The case for redefining NATO consensus on U.S. TNW (IKV Pax Christi)

Sauer, Tom/ van der Zwaan, Bob (March 2012) US Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe after NATO's Lisbon Summit: Why their Withdrawal is Desirable and Feasible. In: International Relations 26 (1), S. 78-100.

Calogero, Francesco/ LaMalfa, Giorgio (March 2012) Open secret (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)

Euro-Atlantic Security Initiative (EASI) (February 2012) Addressing Nonstrategic Nuclear Forces (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

Global Zero NATO-Russia Commission Report (February 2012) Removing U.S. and Russian Tactical Nuclear Weapons from European Combat Bases (Global Zero)

Project on Government Oversight (POGO) (February 2012) POGO to Panetta: U.S. Taxpayers Shouldn't Bear the Cost of B61 Bombs Deployed in Europe (Project on Government Oversight)

Foradori, Paolo (February 2012): TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN ITALY: Striking a Balance between Disarmament Aspirations and Alliance Obligations. In: The Nonproliferation Review 19 (1), S. 13–29.

Lunn, Simon/ Kearns, Ian (February 2012) NATO’s Deterrence and Defence Posture Review: A Status Report. European Leadership Network for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation (NATO Policy Brief, 1)

Ülgen, Sinan (February 2012) Turkey and the Bomb. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Washington, D.C. (The Carnegie Papers)

Woolf, Amy F. (February 2012) Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons. Congressional Research Service. Washington, D.C. (CRS Report for Congress, RL32572)

Perkovich, George (December 2011) Like Wedding Rings or Euros? Nuclear Weapons in Europe (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Policy Outlook)

Gottemoeller, Rose (December 2011) Interview With Maria Tabek of Ria Novosti (U.S. Department of State)

Saradzhyan, Simon (December 2011) Mutually Assured Stability (Moscow, Op-Ed/ Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs)

Miasnikov, Eugene (November 2011) Developing Approaches toward Resolving the Issue of Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons (Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)

Hoffman, David E. (November 2011) The nuclear bombs to nowhere (Foreign Policy)

Majumdar, Dave (November 2011) Update U.S. Nukes or Face Consequences, Experts Warn (Nuclear Security Science & Policy Institute)

Kamp, Karl-Heinz (November 2011) NATO's Chicago Summit: A Thorny Agenda (NATO Defense College, Research Paper 70)

Tauscher, Ellen (November 2011) The State Department's Role in NATO Deterrence and Defense Posture Review (DDPR) and Future Arms Control (House Armed Services Strategic Forces Subcommittee Hearing on "The Current Status and Future Direction for U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy and Posture")

Andreasen, Steve/ Williams, Isabelle (November 2011) Reducing Nuclear Risks in Europe: A Framework for Action (Nuclear Threat Initiative, Report)

Van Herpen, Marcel H. (September 2011) The Russion Embrace of Tactical Nuclear Weapons. Its Negative Impact on U.S. Proposals for Nuclear Arms Reductions (Cicero Foundation)

Pifer, Steven (July 2011) NATO, Nuclear Weapons, and Arms Control (Brookings, Arms Control Series, Paper 7)

Kristensen, Hans M. (July 2011) NATO’s Posture Review and Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons (Federation of American Scientists)

Reif, Kingston/ Lecavalier, Emma (July 2011) Parting words: Gates and tactical nuclear weapons in Europe (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists)

Matishak, Martin (July 2011) Experts: NATO Should Limit Role of Nukes, Remove U.S. Warheads (Nuclear Threat Initiative)

Tertrais, Bruno (June 2011): Defining the Right Mix of Capabilities: The Irreplaceable Role of NATO Nuclear Arrangements. In: Supreme Allied Command Transformation (HQ SACT) of NATO Headquarters, University of Bologna und the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) (Hg.): Managing Change: NATO’s Partnerships and Deterrence in a Globalized World. Brussels, S. I-6-I-10.

Kristensen, Hans M. (June 2011) B61 LEP: Increasing NATO Nuclear Capability and Precision Low-Yield Strikes (Federation of American Scientists, Strategic Security Blog)

Yost, David S. (June 2011) Adapting NATO’s Deterrence Posture: The Alliance’s New Strategic Concept and Implications for Nuclear Policy, Non-Proliferation, Arms Control, and Disarmament: A Report on a Workshop in Tallinn, 4-6 May (NATO Defense College)

Gienger, Viola (June 2011) Nuclear Bomb Refurbishment May Alarm Russia, Imperil Obama Plan (Bloomberg)
(May 2011) Explosive Plans. Berlin Split over US Nuke Modernization (Der SPIEGEL)

Lindvall, Fredrik/ Rydqvist, John/ Westerlund, Fredrik/ Winnerstig, Mike (February 2011) A next step? Prospects for an Arms Control Regime for Sub-strategic Nuclear Weapons in Europe (FOI, Swedish Defence Research Agency)

Sauer, Tom/ van der Zwaan, Bob (May 2011): U.S. Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe after NATOs Lisbon Summit: Why Their Withdrawal Is Desirable and Feasible. (Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs)

Durkalec, Jacek (May 2011): Reductions of Tactical Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Unbinding the Gordian Knot. (Polish Institute of International Affairs, PISM Strategic File 16)

Kamp, Karl-Heinz (May 2011): NATO's Nuclear Posture Review: Nuclear Sharing Instead of Nuclear Stationing. (NATO Defense College, Research Paper 68)

Paul, Michael (May 2011): Neustart 2.0 zur Abrüstung substrategischer Nuklearwaffen? Verhandlungsansätze und -modelle. (Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik)

General Accounting Office (May 2011): Nuclear Weapons. DOD and NNSA Need to Better Manage Scope of Future Refurbishments and Risks to Maintaining U.S. Commitments to NATO. (U.S. General Accounting Office)

Kristensen, Hans (April 2011): 10 NATO Countries Want More Transparency for Non-Strategic Nuclear Weapons. (FAS Strategic Security Blog)

Waechter, Detlef (April 2011): Thinking Beyond Theories. Concrete Proposals to Make NATO´s Future Nuclear Policy Work. (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace)

Fitzpatrick, Mark (March/ April 2011): How Europeans view tactical nuclear weapons on their continent. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Jg. 67, H. 2, S. 57–65

Snyder, Susi/ van der Zeijden, Wilbert (March 2011): Withdrawal Issues. What NATO countries say about the future of tactical nuclear weapons in Europe. (IKV Pax Christi)

Zagorski, Andrei (February 2011) Russia's Tactical Nuclear Weapons: Posture, Politics and Arms Control. (Hamburger Beiträge zur Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik)

Woolf, Amy (February 2011) Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons. (Congressional Research Service)

Norris, Robert/ Kristensen, Hans (January/February 2011): US tactical nuclear weapons in Europe, 2011. (Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 67(1), 64-73).

Lunn, Simon/ Kearns, Ian (January 2011) NATO’s Nuclear Policy after Lisbon. The Summit Documents and the Way Ahead. (ELN Background Brief)

Kristensen, Hans (September 2010): Rasmussen: Lay Short-Range Nuclear Weapons Thinking to Rest. (FAS Security Blog)

Kamp, Karl-Heinz (September 2010): NATO’s Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Beyond “Yes” or “No”. (NATO Defense College, Research Division, Research Paper 61)

Andreasen, Steven/ Chalmers, Malcolm/ Williams, Isabelle (August 2010): NATO and Nuclear Weapons. Is a New Consensus Possible? (Occasional Paper)

Lunn, Simon (June 2010): Reducing the Role of NATO’s Nuclear Weapons. Where do we stand after Tallinn? (Occasional Paper)

Kibaroglu, Mustafa (June 2010): Reassessing the Role of U.S. Nuclear Weapons in Turkey. (Arms Control Today) Johan Bergenäs/ Pomper, Miles/ Potter, William/ Sokov, Nikolay (April 2010): Reducing and Regulating Tactical (Non-strategic) Nuclear Weapons in Europe: Moving Forward? (The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies)

Anthony, Ian; Janssen, Johnny (April 2010): The future of nuclear weapons in NATO. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. (International Policy Analysis)

Chalmers, Malcolm; Lunn, Simon (March 2010): NATO’s Tactical Nuclear Dilemma. Royal United Services Institute. London. (Occasional Paper)

Beach, Hugh (December 2009): The End of Nuclear Sharing? US Nuclear Weapons in Europe. In: RUSI Journal, Vol. 154, Issue 6, p. 48-53

Pomper, Miles/ Potter, William/ Sokov, Nikolay (December 2009): Reducing and Regulating Tactical (Nonstrategic) Nuclear Weapons. (The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies)

Kellerher, Catherine M./ Warren, Scott L. (October 2009): Getting to Zero Starts Here: Tactical Nuclear Weapons (Arms Control Today)

Gormley, Dennis M./ Lewis, Patricia M./ Pomper, Miles A./ Scheinman, Lawrence/ Schwartz, Stephen/ Sokov, Nikolai/ Spector, Leonard S. (July 2009): Four Emerging Issues in Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation: Opportunities for German Leadership. (The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies)

Press Releases

ACA - Experts Urge NATO to Reduce Role of Nuclear Weapons and Open the Door for the Removal of U.S. Tactical Warheads - 18.07.2011

ACA-BASIC - New Report Examines the NATO Policy Debate on Reducing the Role of Tactical Nuclear Weapons In Europe - 12.05.2011

ACA-BASIC - Experts Call NATO Strategic Concept 'Missed Opportunity to Reduce Role of Obsolete Tactical Nukes from Europe' - 19.11.2010

ACA - European Leaders Call for New NATO Nuclear Policies – 29.09.2010

ACA-BASIC - NATO 'Experts Group' misses an opportunity for leadership on nuclear posture - 17.05.2010

BASIC - Now is the time for action on "tactical" nuclear weapons – 14.05.2010

NATO Watch - Don’t Mention the Cold War: Lord Robertson’s Basil Fawlty Moment – 26.02.2010